Spanning over 14 million square kilometers, Antarctica is the fifth largest continent. Almost 98 per cent of Antarctica is covered by thick ice, which certainly makes for harsh terrain that has little established population.
For a majority of the year, most food is either frozen, dried or tinned. It tends to arrive on base at the beginning of the summer season, in a major shipment of a year worth of food. The population of Antarctica needs to consume elevated levels of nutrition, as energy is burnt at much higher rates in the freezing cold conditions.
There are no known cases of poverty in Antarctica. The only women that occupy Antarctica are working researchers and scientists. Despite only living in Antarctica for work, women are unfortunately subject to sexual harassment as they are outnumbered in the male dominated workplace.
There are 5,000 temporary residents currently in Antarctica - mainly consisting of scientific staff and researchers. People generally only live in Antarctica temporarily for work stints. Effectively, poverty does not exist here as the only people living here are doing so for work. However, if we’re talking about women in Antarctica, sexual harassment is still a problem for many working women here. Women continue to be outnumbered in many careers, including fleet operations and trades.
Antarctica has experienced air temperature increases of 3°C in the Antarctic Peninsula. This has caused the melting of ice shelves which contribute to the yearly rising of global sea levels.
Satellite measurements since the early 1990s indicate that sea level is rising at a rate of 3mm per year and indeed sea level has been rising over the last century. The rising of sea levels could affect islands and countries globally. An example would be the Solomon Islands which have seen five of its islands lost completely due to rising sea levels. This has caused families that reside in parts affected to be left homeless or forcibly relocated to higher grounds inland or other islands.
Maldives is another country that is affected by the rising sea levels. It is ranked as one of the most endangered countries in the world due to rising sea levels and flooding caused by climate change. The Maldivian president predicts that if carbon emissions continue at its current rate, the country would be underwater by the year 2020.
Vietnam and Bangladesh are two other countries that could be affected by rising sea levels. These effects could cause people to lose their lives, homes, source of food and income.